DOCG is Superiore
The motherland of Valdobbiadene DOCG and Valdobbiadene Superiore di Cartizze DOCG unwinds itself between the hills of Valdobbiadene, the overlooking mountains, an immense amphitheatre, shelter the area from the west winds.
The geological structure and the deep stratification, memory of ancient seas, are the origin of these “gentle” wines.
The Treviso foothills, and especially the hills that run from Valdobbiadene to Conegliano, have for centuries proven their pedigree in the cultivation of the vine. Most of these hills emerged in the Tertiary era, formed from clayey limestone, with yellow-bluish marl and ashen and sky-blue sandstone. The physical-chemical composition of these soils is ideal for giving the grapes character and bouquet, above all when accompanied by the temperature range between day and night due to the nearby mountains.
The origins of
This area of production covers 15 council areas across the foothills, where the vine is cultivated at altitudes ranging from 50 to 500 meters above sea level, on 8,000 hectares of vineyards with an average annual production of around 960,000 tones of grapes.
Inside this area, in the territory of San Pietro di Barbozza, lies a micro zone covering 107 hectares of selected plantings, where Valdobbiadene Superiore di Cartizze is produced. The multitude of unique chemical-physical properties of the soil, the exposure, the slopes, the altitudes and the microclimates combine to create the diversity that defines the various varieties of Glera grown in this area.
A prestigious Land
The hilly area consists of parallel chains that run eastwest, between the river Piave to the west, and the river Meschio and the Crevada stream to the east, and is divided into two districts by the river Soligo.
The western district is called the Mandamento di Valdobbiadene, and is made up of Valdobbiadene, Combai, Miane, Farra di Soligo, Col San Martino and Vidor hills; eastern part is called the Mandamento di Conegliano and covers the Conegliano, Carpesica, Ogliano, Feletto, Refrontolo, Susegana, Solighetto and Pieve di Soligo hills.
The earth that makes up these parallel belts of hills has different geological origins, spanning three eras:
- the Secondary era, and precisely the early Cretaceous, middle Cretaceous and late Cretaceous periods
- the Tertiary era, Miocene, Pliocene and Pontian periods
- the Quaternary era
The area of
The hills of Conegliano, San Pietro di Feletto and Susegana are considered alluvial phenomena starting in the Miocene era and continuing until the ice age, and generally consist of heavy, partly fertilized soil that is dark red in colour.
The hills of Vittorio Veneto, Carpesica, Scomigo, Ogliano and Colle Umberto, on the other hand, are of morainic origin, formed in the Quaternary era, and consist of deep, permeable soil with abundant skeleton. The hills that run from Soligo to Farra di Soligo and Vidor, easily identified by their height and steep slopes, originate from the Pliocene and the Pontian eras.
The hills that extend from Serravalle eastwards to Cison di Valmarino and to San Pietro di Barbozza are made up of clayey limestone, marl and sandstone from the Miocene era, and have the soil with the most renowned physical-chemical characteristics.
Finally, the hills that from Valdobbiadene run down to Vidor feature significant geological variations, being made from alternating morainic deposits, alluvial terraces, and alluvial fans.
This is the land of Valdobbiadene-Conegliano, where the typical bouquet, spice and harmony of this wine have been produced for centuries. The Valdobbiadene-Conegliano district, with more than 100 makers of spumante, is one of the most important sparkling wine making areas in Italy and the world.